Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Vulnerable

Swamp Francolin (Francolinus gularis)


Taxonomy

French: Francolin multiraie German: Sumpffrankolin Spanish: Francolín palustre
Taxonomy:

Perdix gularis

Temminck

, 1815,

vicinity of Calcutta, east India

.

Has been placed in genus Ortygornis. Birds from W of range (Uttar Pradesh) described as a geographical race, ridibundus, but generally considered not worthy of recognition. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Floodplains of Ganges and Brahmaputra from NC India (Uttar Pradesh) and S Nepal E to NE India (Assam). Considered extirpated in Bangladesh#R.

Descriptive notes

36–38 cm; male c. 510 g. Differs from other Asian Francolinus in strongly contrasting white stripes on underparts and rusty throat and foreneck. Largest... read more

Voice

Vocally rather distinctive. Advertisement call, given from ground or low bush, by male, a series of... read more

Habitat

Wet grasslands in low-lying land of terai and belt of alluvial plains below 250 m; land... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of weeds and cereals, mustard, rice and other crop shoots, bulbs and tubers; also insects (especially chicks for first month of life... read more

Breeding

Lays from late Feb or Mar to May, mainly late Mar to Apr. Apparently monogamous; species is usually encountered in pairs, occasionally... read more

Movements

Sedentary, but will move to dry ground when low lying areas around marshes are flooded. A radio-... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Occurs in highly fragmented terai grassland. Locally common, but possibly as few as 10,000–20,000 individuals remain, according to figures based on... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Swamp Francolin (Francolinus gularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53390 on 18 December 2017).