Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)


Swamp Francolin (Francolinus gularis)


French: Francolin multiraie German: Sumpffrankolin Spanish: Francolín palustre

Perdix gularis


, 1815,

vicinity of Calcutta, east India


Has been placed in genus Ortygornis. Birds from W of range (Uttar Pradesh) described as a geographical race, ridibundus, but generally considered not worthy of recognition. Monotypic.


Floodplains of Ganges and Brahmaputra from NC India (Uttar Pradesh) and S Nepal E to NE India (Assam). Considered extirpated in Bangladesh#R.

Descriptive notes

36–38 cm; male c. 510 g. Differs from other Asian Francolinus in strongly contrasting white stripes on underparts and rusty throat and foreneck. Largest... read more


Vocally rather distinctive. Advertisement call, given from ground or low bush, by male, a series of... read more


Wet grasslands in low-lying land of terai and belt of alluvial plains below 250 m; land... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of weeds and cereals, mustard, rice and other crop shoots, bulbs and tubers; also insects (especially chicks for first month of life... read more


Lays from late Feb or Mar to May, mainly late Mar to Apr. Apparently monogamous; species is usually encountered in pairs, occasionally... read more


Sedentary, but will move to dry ground when low lying areas around marshes are flooded. A radio-... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Occurs in highly fragmented terai grassland. Locally common, but possibly as few as 10,000–20,000 individuals remain, according to figures based on... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Swamp Francolin (Francolinus gularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).