Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Near Threatened

Swinhoe’s Pheasant (Lophura swinhoii)


French: Faisan de Swinhoe German: Swinhoefasan Spanish: Faisán de Swinhoe

Euplocamus swinhoii


, 1863,



Has also been placed in genus Hierophasis, but recent genetic study found no evidence that Lophura as currently constituted is polyphyletic#R. Same study found that Lophura comprises five clades, of which present species forms a single clade with L. edwardsi#R. Has hybridized in captivity with Tragopan satyra. Monotypic.


Mountains of C Taiwan.

Descriptive notes

Male c. 79 cm (tail 41–50 cm); female c. 50 cm (tail 20–22 cm); unsexed c. 1100 g. Male mostly blackish blue, with glossy green feather fringes to upperwing-... read more


Often silent, even when disturbed: gives a rather high, sharp, incisive sucking sound, sometimes in... read more


Inhabits both primary and mature secondary hardwood forest with dense undergrowth, from 300 m up to... read more

Food and feeding

Very varied diet, including acorns, berries, flower buds, leaves and other plant materials; also earthworms, millipedes and termites and... read more


Peak laying probably in Mar–May, unusually Feb, but some reports as late as Oct. Mating system not certainly known; polygamy... read more


No information available.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened; previously categorized as Vulnerable. Mace Lande: safe. CITES I. Due to secretive nature of this, and other... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Swinhoe’s Pheasant (Lophura swinhoii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).