Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Swinhoe's Snipe (Gallinago megala)


Taxonomy

French: Bécassine de Swinhoe German: Waldbekassine Spanish: Agachadiza del Baikal
Taxonomy:

Gallinago megala

Swinhoe

, 1861,

between Takoo and Beijing, north China

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

CS Siberia and N Mongolia; Amurland and Ussuriland. Winters from S & E India to E & S China and Taiwan, and S through Malay Peninsula, Philippines and Indonesia to New Guinea, Melanesia (E to Guadalcanal)#R and N Australia.

Descriptive notes

27–29 cm; 82–164 g; wingspan 38–50 cm. Medium-sized snipe, very similar to G. stenura and G. hardwickii; primaries project beyond tertials... read more

Voice

Display flight is accompanied by rasping, upturned “cheek-cheek-cheek...”, “kkhryu-kkhryu-... read more

Habitat

In, or at margins of, deciduous or mixed open woodland, river valleys, and grassy localities near... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes earthworms, glow-worms, adult and larval insects, such as beetles and ants, terrestrial gastropods and seeds. Crepuscular and... read more

Breeding

Lays May–Jul. Monogamous. Flight display usually solitary, but can apparently be performed by flock, flying in large circles above... read more

Movements

Strongly migratory. Post-breeding movement through Russia chiefly towards SE, then apparently via E... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Status uncertain due to confusion with other extremely similar species and secretive behaviour; total population probably numbers 25,... read more

Recommended citation

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Swinhoe's Snipe (Gallinago megala). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53874 on 22 October 2019).