Family Finches (Fringillidae)


Syrian Serin (Serinus syriacus)


French: Serin syriaque German: Zederngirlitz Spanish: Serín sirio

Serinus syriacus


, 1850,

Bcharre, Lebanon


Has sometimes been thought to be closely related to S. serinus, S. canaria and S. canicollis, but recent DNA analyses recovered this species as sister to S. pusillus#R. Monotypic.


Lebanon, S Syria, and N Israel, and W Jordan (Dana Nature Reserve); winters also S to NE Egypt (Sinai). Old reports from N Iraq are result of misidentifications#R.

Descriptive notes

12–14 cm; 10–14 g. Small finch with short bill and deeply forked tail. Male has forehead to forecrown deep golden-yellow (sometimes orange), becoming paler yellow... read more


Song, usually from top of tree, bush or post, similar to that of S. canaria but slower or... read more


Breeds in submontane and montane open woodland and bushy slopes usually dominated by sparse cedar... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly seeds and some insects. Seeds include those of canary grass (Phalaris canariensis) and fruiting perennials such as ... read more


Season mid-Mar to mid-Aug, but start of breeding dependent on snow melt and in some years not until end Apr; one brood in Jordan, two or... read more


Resident and partially migratory. Mainly resident in Lebanon, and breeding visitor in extreme S... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted range species: present in Levantine Mountains Secondary Area. Global population estimated at 4000 mature individuals, of which 1000–1250 in... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P. & de Juana, E. (2020). Syrian Serin (Serinus syriacus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).