Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Vulnerable

Syrian Serin (Serinus syriacus)


Taxonomy

French: Serin syriaque German: Zederngirlitz Spanish: Serín sirio
Taxonomy:

Serinus syriacus

Bonaparte

, 1850,

Bcharre, Lebanon

.

Has sometimes been thought to be closely related to S. serinus, S. canaria and S. canicollis, but recent DNA analyses recovered this species as sister to S. pusillus#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Lebanon, S Syria, and N Israel, and W Jordan (Dana Nature Reserve); winters also S to NE Egypt (Sinai). Old reports from N Iraq are result of misidentifications#R.

Descriptive notes

12–14 cm; 10–14 g. Small finch with short bill and deeply forked tail. Male has forehead to forecrown deep golden-yellow (sometimes orange), becoming paler yellow... read more

Voice

Song, usually from top of tree, bush or post, similar to that of S. canaria but slower or... read more

Habitat

Breeds in submontane and montane open woodland and bushy slopes usually dominated by sparse cedar... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly seeds and some insects. Seeds include those of canary grass (Phalaris canariensis) and fruiting perennials such as ... read more

Breeding

Season mid-Mar to mid-Aug, but start of breeding dependent on snow melt and in some years not until end Apr; one brood in Jordan, two or... read more

Movements

Resident and partially migratory. Mainly resident in Lebanon, and breeding visitor in extreme S... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted range species: present in Levantine Mountains Secondary Area. Global population estimated at 4000 mature individuals, of which 1000–1250 in... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P. & de Juana, E. (2019). Syrian Serin (Serinus syriacus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61291 on 16 January 2019).