Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833,
A member of the D. major species-group (see that species); hybridizes rarely with D. major and D. assimilis. Some geographical variation, e.g. smaller birds in N Iran and Transcaucasia named as race transcaucasicus, often with more white in outer tail, while latter population and also those of Asia Minor tend to be darker below, but overlap in characters exists between these and other populations; similarly, balcanicus (E Balkans), with dark flank marks, and supposedly larger milleri (S Iran) matched by individuals from elsewhere in range; subdivision into races seems unwarranted. Monotypic.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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