Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Critically Endangered

Tahiti Monarch (Pomarea nigra)


French: Monarque de Tahiti German: Tahitimonarch Spanish: Monarca de Tahití

Muscicapa nigra


, 1786,



Previously included †P. pomarea as a race. Purported extinct form tabuensis, from Tonga, based on misidentification of unrelated Lalage maculosa (Campephagidae). Monotypic.


W Tahiti, in Society Is.

Descriptive notes

15 cm. Plumage is entirely metallic black; iris dark; bill pale blue; legs bluish-grey. Sexes alike. Immature is rufous-cinnamon, with paler belly, brownish upper­wing,... read more


Song strong, complex and melodious; reported as similar to that of Tahiti Reed-warbler (... read more


Native subtropical/tropical moist forest dominated by fau (Hibiscus tiliaceus) and the... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, including caterpillars. Forages in both canopy and undergrowth; gleans from leaves and branches. Tail occasionally fanned.... read more


Season Oct–Feb. Nest cup-shaped, made of moss, decorated with cobwebs, usually placed in mara tree. Clutch 1 egg; incubation 15... read more



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Society Islands EBA. Confined to four valleys. Global population as low as 21 individuals in 1997, since when... read more

Recommended citation

Gregory, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Tahiti Monarch (Pomarea nigra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2019).