Family Cupwings (Pnoepygidae)

Least Concern

Taiwan Cupwing (Pnoepyga formosana)


French: Microure de Taiwan German: Taiwanzwergpfeifer Spanish: Ratina de Formosa
Other common names: Taiwan Wren-babbler

Pnoëpyga formosana

C. Ingram

, 1909,

Arisan, central Taiwan


Formerly treated as conspecific with P. albiventer or, at times, with P. pusilla; more closely related to former#R. Monotypic.



Descriptive notes

8–9 cm. Crown and mantle are blackish-brown with ochrous-buff mottling, becoming less intense on dark brown remaining upperparts; tiny tail dark brown, upperwing dark... read more


Song “tz ti’tchu’ti’tzu’wi”, with separated introductory note,... read more


Dense tangled undergrowth and bamboo in montane broadleaf evergreen and mixed broadleaf-coniferous... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, spiders, snails, seeds and grit found in stomachs. Often forages under fallen leaves on forest floor, hopping with agility and... read more


May–Jul. Nest described as a dome or cylinder with entrance hole at one end, made of green moss, lined with fine roots, placed... read more



Status and conservation

Not assessed. Common within very limited island range, e.g. a count of 21 in one morning along a foot trail near Wushe. Recorded densities of 0·1 birds/ha in mixed... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Robson, C. (2019). Taiwan Cupwing (Pnoepyga formosana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2019).