Family Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Near Threatened

Talaud Kingfisher (Todiramphus enigma)


French: Martin-chasseur des Talaud German: Talautliest Spanish: Alción de las Talaud

Halcyon enigma

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1904,

Salebabu, Talaud Islands


Closely related to T. chloris and previously considered conspecific, but the two occur together without interbreeding. Close also to T. cinnamominus (and taxa formerly included within it). Monotypic.


Talaud Is (Karakelong, Salebabu, at least formerly Kabaruang#R).

Descriptive notes

21 cm. Both sexes have white loral spot which extends to the eye, black mask, green crown and back with blue tinge on crown, green-blue wings and tail, white collar and... read more


A 5-note “kee kee kee kee kee”, notes equal in length and pitch, can be repeated 4... read more


Forest and forest edge, preferring undisturbed areas, but also found in secondary forest; often... read more

Food and feeding

Small grasshoppers (Orthoptera) and river snails (Gastropoda). Usually perches in mid-canopy, 6–15 m up, scanning ground below; dives... read more


Pairs defending territories and probable courtship feeding reported in Sept and Oct. No other information.


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Sangihe and Talaud EBA. Common, and apparently able to withstand some... read more

Recommended citation

Woodall, P.F. (2019). Talaud Kingfisher (Todiramphus enigma). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).