Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Tanna Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus tannensis)


French: Ptilope de Tanna German: Silberfleck-Fruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo de Tanna
Other common names: Vanuatu Fruit-dove

Columba tannensis


, 1790,

Tanna, Vanuatu


Usually considered to form a species-group with P. wallacii, P. aurantiifrons, P. ornatus, P. perlatus and, in some accounts, P. superbus (incorporating P. temminckii); genetic data support this grouping (without P. superbus/temminckii), and also include P. hyogastrus, P. iozonus, P. viridis and P. eugeniae#R; other, unsampled species presumably belonging to this group are P. granulifrons, P. gestroi and P. insolitus. Monotypic.


Vanuatu, including Banks Is.

Descriptive notes

28–30 cm. Forehead, crown and face dark greenish yellow shading into dark green of rest of plumage; yellow tips or fringes to outer webs of most greater-coverts and... read more


Advertising call is a repeated single coo given at a rate of c. 1 note every 2.5 seconds. This... read more


It inhabits old-growth rainforest and also degraded habitats with large fruiting trees,... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous; common food plants include large strangler-figs (Moraceae) and mahogany trees (Dysoxylum, Meliaceae); fruits of vines... read more


Nests with eggs have been found in Apr, and fully feathered nestlings at end of May, but breeding season is probably extended; there may be... read more


Locally nomadic in response to ripening of fruit crops; probably also travels between islands.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Formerly considered near-threatened. It may be undergoing slow declines to due a loss of suitable large trees but it has been found... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Tanna Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus tannensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).