Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)


Tapajos Hermit (Phaethornis aethopygus)


French: Ermite du Tapajos German: Tapajosschattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño de Tapajós

Phaethornis longuemareus aethopyga

J. T. Zimmer

, 1950,

Caxiricatuba, right bank of River Tapajós, Brazil


One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Previously treated as a race of P. longuemareus; then thought to be a hybrid of P. rupurumii amazonicus and P. ruber ruber; but plumage, distribution and behaviour suggest it to be a valid species#R#R. Monotypic.


Vicinity of Tapajós, Teles Pires and Xingu rivers, S of R Amazon, in NC Brazil.

Descriptive notes

9 cm. Small hermit with typical medium-long decurved bill. Male has lores brown, cheek and ear-coverts blackish, pale supercilium above and behind eye; olive-green with... read more


Song is a long high-pitched phrase repeated incessantly without pauses between phrases, at a rate... read more


Primary forest; tolerant also of logged areas and of those affected by one fire event. One lek... read more

Food and feeding

Nectarivorous; like other hummingbirds, probably supplements diet with invertebrates, such as flying insects and spiders (Araneae).


Lek found in early Dec, attended by five actively singing males; birds very active for most of day, with noisy chases involving displaying... read more


No information.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. Poorly known. No information on population level. Believed to be declining due to habitat destruction and fragmentation as... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J. & Boesman, P. (2020). Tapajos Hermit (Phaethornis aethopygus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).