Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Tawny-fronted Pygmy-tyrant (Euscarthmus fulviceps)


French: Tyranneau à front fauve German: Ockerstirn-Zwergtyrann Spanish: Tiranuelo caripardo

Euscarthmus fulviceps

P. L. Sclater

, 1871,

Babahoyo, Los Ríos, Ecuador


Hitherto treated as conspecific with E. meloryphus, but differs in its pale rufous forecrown, lores, area around eyes and ear-coverts, with coronal patch the same colour vs coronal patch darker, more chestnutty, and rest of head olive-green (3); wingbars considerably stronger (2); bill slightly longer (effect size for males 2.25, score 2), wing and tail shorter (effect size for male tails –3.24, score 2); presumed song a series of short staccato scratchy notes followed by a few longer burry notes vs high-paced rattle rising in pitch and amplitude followed by some tinkling notes, thus many fewer notes (at least 1) and slower speed (at least 3). Monotypic.


W & SE Ecuador (S from Esmeraldas, including coastal islands, also S Zamora-Chinchipe) and W & N Peru (Tumbes S to Lima, also arid Marañón Valley in Cajamarca, Amazonas and La Libertad).

Descriptive notes

10 cm; 5·3 g (one male). Olive upperparts with usually concealed rufous coronal patch and buffy face, wings and tail duskier than rest, throat white, breast pale greyish... read more


More likely to be heard than seen. Characteristically gives a frequently repeated, fast and sneeze-... read more


Inhabits arid scrub, shrubby clearings and undergrowth in fairly open deciduous woodland in... read more

Food and feeding

Almost nothing recorded concerning diet. Pairs and lone birds forage in dense undergrowth, usually apart from mixed-species flocks.


Breeds Feb–May (after rainy season) in SW Ecuador. Weak open-cup nest of dead grass, plant stems, vines, bark, lichen and seed down, with... read more


Probably resident, although local movements during the dry season are strongly suspected, at least... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Considered fairly common to common in both Ecuador and Peru, and its habitat preferences are unlikely to place it at much risk. Known... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Tawny-fronted Pygmy-tyrant (Euscarthmus fulviceps). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 January 2020).