French: Petit Carouge German: Braunschulterstärling Spanish: Sargento humeral
Havana area, Cuba.
Sister to A. xanthomus#R. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
A. h. humeralis
(Vigors, 1827) – Cuba, including larger cays on N coast, and some outlying islands (e.g. Jardines de la Reina Archipelago); also W Hispaniola (W Haiti).
A. h. scopulus
Garrido, 1970 – Cayo Cantiles (E of I of Pines), off SW Cuba.
19–22 cm; male average 38·3 g, female average 34·5 g. Male nominate race is black, slightly glossed bluish; lesser and median upperwing-coverts tawny, median coverts tipped... read more
Song, by both sexes, 1–2 protracted buzzing notes, sometimes introduced with shorter buzz at higher... read more
Open woodland and woodland edge, farmland and rice fields; in Haiti occurs along sloughs and... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, small lizards, seeds; also fruits and nectar. Insects taken include bees (Apoidea). Forages on ground, also... read more
Season Apr–Aug in Cuba; fledged chicks reported May–Jul. Monogamous. Breeds solitarily, sometimes in small loose colonies; reported inter-... read more
Largely resident. Some limited movement apparently; nominate race recorded as an accidental in SE... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common in Cuba; uncommon and local in Haiti. In Haiti found only in W, mostly at mouth of R Artibonite, also in area of Port-de-Paix; rarely or... read more
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