Family Plovers (Charadriidae)

Least Concern

Tawny-throated Dotterel (Oreopholus ruficollis)


French: Pluvier oréophile German: Orangekehl-Regenpfeifer Spanish: Chorlito cabezón

Charadrius ruficollis


, 1829,

Canelones, Uruguay


Races well marked, perhaps deserving further investigation. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. r. pallidus Carriker, 1935 – coastal N Peru (S to N La Libertad).
  • O. r. ruficollis (Wagler, 1829) – S Peru (irregularly from Lima) S through W Bolivia, Chile and W & NC Argentina to Tierra del Fuego; non-breeding E to E Argentina and SE Brazil.
  • Isolated records (race unconfirmed) in S Ecuador, where occurrence appears to be extremely sporadic#R.

    Descriptive notes

    25–29 cm; 120–154 g. Fairly upright plover with long, slender bill; striking plumage, mainly rich buff with heavily striped back, feathers with dark streaks and... read more


    Rather silent. Calls when flushed or in flight a vibrating drawn-out whistle “prrrrruu”, on same... read more


    Mainly windy semi-arid ridges of open heathlands and overgrazed puna grassland up to 3500... read more

    Food and feeding

    Very little known; one young bird had remains of beetles and grit in its stomach. Outside breeding season, often gathers in loose flocks of... read more


    Little known. Eggs Jun–Jan in race pallidus. Eggs apparently found generally Jun–Sept, but later towards S: two... read more


    Poorly known; pallidus possibly resident in N Peru; nominate probably sedentary in parts... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). No estimates of population, but species considered to be generally common in most parts of extensive range. Hunting in Chile and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Wiersma, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Tawny-throated Dotterel (Oreopholus ruficollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).