Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Least Concern

Temminck's Lark (Eremophila bilopha)


French: Alouette bilophe German: Saharaohrenlerche Spanish: Alondra sahariana

Alauda bilopha


, 1823,

deserts of Aqaba, north-west Arabia


Formerly considered conspecific with E. alpestris, but differs in its smaller size (at least 1); much paler, pinker, less streaked upperparts (2); clearer white on throat and belly to vent (1); and structurally simpler, shorter, weaker song (3)#R. Most comprehensive genetic dataset pertaining to this group identified six clades in the Palearctic and suggested paraphyly of E. alpestris with respect to E. bilopha#R, i.e. either the former should be split multiple ways, or E. bilopha should be treated subspecifically. Smaller birds from S Western Sahara (Río de Oro) described as race elegans, but similarly small birds occur elsewhere in species’ range (e.g. Libya and W Egypt). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Extreme NW Mauritania, Western Sahara and S & E Morocco E to NE Egypt (Sinai Peninsula) and Middle East (NE Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, S Israel, W Iraq, N Saudi Arabia, Kuwait).

Descriptive notes

13–15 cm; c. 38–39 g. Small, neat, uniform-looking lark with striking head pattern, rather thin bill, rather short and broad wings with short primary projection,... read more


Song, in flight or, perhaps more commonly, from ground, a series of soft, usually short, rather... read more


Open flat plains, mainly on fringe of true desert, also in completely barren landscapes; usually on... read more

Food and feeding

Predominantly seeds; occasionally insects, e.g. beetles (Coleoptera), some fruits; nestling diet not known. In NW Africa seeds, mainly... read more


Lays Feb–May, mostly from mid-Apr; apparently single-brooded. Probably monogamous; solitary and territorial, inter-nest distance in S... read more


Resident, with limited dispersive movements. Dispersal somewhat irregular, little known. In N... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common in most of range; scarce in some areas. In comparison with other Saharan larks, has fairly continuous distribution but... read more

Recommended citation

de Juana, E. & Suárez, F. (2020). Temminck's Lark (Eremophila bilopha). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).