Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Temminck’s Tragopan (Tragopan temminckii)


French: Tragopan de Temminck German: Temmincktragopan Spanish: Tragopán cariazul

Satyra Temminckii

J. E. Gray

, 1831,

Sichuan, China


One genetic study indicated that present species is most closely related to T. caboti#R. Vietnam birds proposed as race tonkinensis, but not generally accepted. Monotypic.


E Himalayas from NE India (Arunachal Pradesh) E to N Myanmar and N Vietnam (Tonkin), and N to C China (to N Sichuan and S Shaanxi).

Descriptive notes

Male c. 64 cm (tail 18·5–23 cm), 980–1600 g; female c. 58 cm (tail c. 16–17·5 cm), 907–1100 g. Only tragopan over most of its range,... read more


Advertising call given by male in breeding season is somewhat prolonged series of moaning calls,... read more


Inhabits dense evergreen or mixed forest (dominated by Sorbus and Viburnum) and... read more

Food and feeding

Diet consists mostly of flowers, leaves, grass stalks, ferns, bamboo sprouts, mosses, berries and seeds of a wide variety of plant species... read more


Generally presumed to be monogamous; however, recent Chinese study suggests 50% of males are polygamous. Lays from early May. Nest of dry... read more


Only definite information is from Gaoling Mts in Yunnan, SC China, where birds are reported to... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Widely distributed; successive surveys in China have reported new localities, and further sites believed to exist... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Temminck’s Tragopan (Tragopan temminckii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).