Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Tepui Goldenthroat (Polytmus milleri)


French: Colibri des tépuis German: Tepuiglanzkehlchen Spanish: Colibrí de tepuy

Waldronia milleri


, 1929,

Mount Duida, 4700 feet [c. 1450 m], Venezuela


Formerly separated in monotypic genus Waldronia. Closely related to P. guainumbi. Monotypic.


Tepuis in S & SE Venezuela (Duida, Jaua, Auyán-tepui, Ptari-tepui, Cerro Roraima and Serra de Pacaraima); probably also in adjacent Guyana and extreme N Brazil.

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm (including bill of 2·5 cm); male 4·5–6·1 g, female 4·1–5 g. Male similar to P. guainumbi but no white at eye;... read more


A loud series of “tsit” or “tizzie” notes given while foraging.


Cloudforest edge, scrub with scattered trees at 1300–2200 m. Forages low down at periphery of... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering terrestrial Bromeliaceae, Gesneriaceae, Ericaceae, or Myrtaceae. Insects are caught in the air by hawking, spiders are... read more


May–Jun. Cone-shaped nest, lined with fine plant fibre, decorated with lichen and fragments of leaf, is saddled in fork of shrub,... read more


Sedentary, with some altitudinal dispersal after breeding.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Tepuis EBA. A little-known tepui endemic. Uncommon to locally common along cloudforest ridges... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Tepui Goldenthroat (Polytmus milleri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).