#R, Roraima, 7000 feet [c. 2130 m], Venezuela.
See M. albifacies and M. cardonai. Formerly considered conspecific with M. brunniceps, but the two differ in their songs and are widely separated geographically; treatment as separate species supported by recent phylogenetic study#R, which suggested that close plumage similarities between the two may be due to retention of ancestral traits, rather than to genetic similarity. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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