Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Thick-billed Ground-dove (Alopecoenas salamonis)


French: Gallicolombe des Salomon German: San-Cristobal-Taube Spanish: Paloma-perdiz de las Salomón

Phlogænas [sic] salamonis

E. P. Ramsay

, 1882,

San Cristobal, Solomon Islands


Closely allied to A. sanctaecrucis and (especially) A. stairi, and more distantly so to the A. jobiensis group. Monotypic.


SE Solomon Is, where known only from two specimens of unknown sex: one from Makira (San Cristobal), taken in 1882; the other from tiny (c. 4 ha) Ramos I, between Santa Isabel and Malaita, in 1927.

Surveys on Makira in 1990s#R were unsuccessful. Recent surveys on Ramos also failed to find this species, and it was not known to landowners; it might conceivably occur in other habitats, for instance by swamps, but this seems very unlikely. Extinction due to introduced mammalian predators and habitat loss, as well as hunting pressure.

Descriptive notes

c. 25 cm. Similar to A. stairi but has thicker bill with more deeply curved culmen; reddish brown above with purple iridescence, especially on mantle and wing-... read more


Collected in lowland forest, where recorded up to c. 300 m.

Food and feeding

No information available.


No information available.


No information available.

Status and conservation

EXTINCT. Has not been recorded since 1927. Like other members of the genus, it is very shy and inconspicuous, and may be confused with the more abundant and partially... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Thick-billed Ground-dove (Alopecoenas salamonis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2019).