French: Guillemot de Brünnich German: Dickschnabellumme Spanish: Arao de Brünnich
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
U. l. lomvia
(Linnaeus, 1758) – NE Canada (S to Gulf of St Lawrence) and Greenland E to Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya.
U. l. eleonorae
Portenko, 1937 – E Taymyr Peninsula E to New Siberian Is.
U. l. heckeri
Portenko, 1944 – Wrangel I, Herald I and N Chukotskiy Peninsula.
U. l. arra
(Pallas, 1811) – N Pacific from NW & SE Alaska, and Aleutians, S to Sakhalin.
39–46 cm; mean 810–1080 g; wingspan 65–73 cm. Largest extant alcid; blackish head and upperparts, white underparts; white-tipped secondaries; legs and feet... read more
Generally silent at sea. At breeding colonies quite vocal. Calls include a grating growl followed... read more
Exclusively marine, occurring offshore and along sea coasts. Breeds on coastal cliffs and islands,... read more
Food and feeding
Chiefly fish, squid and crustaceans throughout year, supplemented by polychaetes and molluscs; invertebrates more significant than for ... read more
Spring arrival and start of laying variable, usually related to sea temperatures, with laying latest where temperatures lowest; in mixed... read more
Winters mostly offshore at sea, mainly in low Arctic waters, but some winter in the north of the... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total breeding population estimated at c. 11,000,000 pairs, with c. 6,500,000 (4,900,000–7,500,000) in N Atlantic and 4,500,000... read more
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