French: Conure à gros bec German: Kiefernsittich Spanish: Cotorra serrana occidental
tableland of Mexico
W Mexico in Sierra Madre Occidental, occurring locally in W Chihuahua, E Sonora and W & S Durango; in winter extends through Sierra Madre Occidental S to Michoacán; formerly wandering into extreme S USA (Arizona and New Mexico), where perhaps was present for years at a time. Reintroduction project (1988–1993) in S Arizona failed.
38–43 cm. Green throughout but with red forehead extending as broad line over and behind eye, bare orbital ring dull yellow, red shoulders and lower thighs, and greater... read more
Various screeches and squawks, with a distinct nasal yelping quality. Also an almost laughing '... read more
Temperate conifer forests including mature pine- oak, pine and fir forests, usually at 2000–... read more
Food and feeding
Principally seeds of various pines, most frequently Pinus arizonica and P. ayacahuite, but also P. teocote;... read more
Timed to coincide with peak pine-seed production, so slightly variable between years: eggs recorded May–Aug, and a newly fledged bird... read more
Nomadic in response to pine crop success, thus behaving irruptively in the manner of crossbills (... read more
Status and conservation
ENDANGERED. CITES I. A BirdLife “restricted-range” species, confined to high-elevation pine forests of the Sierra Madre Occidental in Mexico. Range extended... read more
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