highlands of northern Luzon, 5000 feet [c. 1525 m].
Until recently considered conspecific with F. hyperythra (which see), but differs in its whitish to orange-buff vs black chin (2); much weaker white eyebrow (strongest in race montigena, but still considerably less striking; 2); base of outer rectrices uniform with tail vs with small but bold white patches, presumably important in signalling (2); song (but n=2) consisting of 3–5 flat-pitched drawn-out whistles with maximum frequency 7 kHz vs 2–3 very high-pitched short notes followed by 2–3 slightly lower-pitched notes with maximum frequency 7.5–11 kHz (at least 1 for longer note length and 2 for lower pitch; score 3). Molecular data reveal that the two species are representatives of separate clades and differ by c. 16% in DNA#R. Birds from Mindoro have on occasion been separated as race mindorensis, but doubtfully separable from Luzon birds; junior synonym “dulangana” has sometimes been used in recent times for Mindoro (and, if lumped, Luzon) birds, but this name is applicable only in the event of present genus being merged with both Muscicapa and Cyornis. Eight subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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