Family Cotingas (Cotingidae)


Three-wattled Bellbird (Procnias tricarunculatus)


French: Araponga tricaronculé German: Dreilappenkotinga Spanish: Campanero tricarunculado

Casmarhynchus tricarunculatus

J. P. Verreaux and J. B. É. Verreaux

, 1853,

Bocas del Toro, north-west Panama


Sister to P. albus (which see). Monotypic.


Highlands of E Honduras (Sierra de Agalta), NW Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama (E to Azuero Peninsula; Coiba I); winters in adjacent lowlands.

Descriptive notes

Male 30 cm, mean 210 g; female 25 cm, 145 g. Distinctive bellbird; bill very wide at gape, slightly longer than that of congeners. Male has head, neck and chest white, rest... read more


Male advertising call a very loud hammer-like “bock”, either on its own or combined... read more


Mountain forest, mainly at 1200–2300m, sporadically higher following breeding; foothill and... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits, especially those of Lauraceae; very wide gape allows fruits of up to 25 mm in diameter to be eaten. Plucks items either while... read more


One nest found in Costa Rica was being built by a female in mid-May and contained shell remains of a broken egg in early Jun; it was a... read more


Pronounced altitudinal migrant, wintering in lowlands. Data from radio-tagging study revealed... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Uncommon and local. Range estimated to extend over 22,600 km2, but seasonal movements complicate calculation of true breeding area. Population roughly estimated... read more

Recommended citation

Snow, D., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Three-wattled Bellbird (Procnias tricarunculatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).