Formerly treated as a race of T. merula, but differs in several characters, including vague hooded appearance (1), no yellow eyering (2), juvenile plumage (irregular barring below) and, most notably, in song (shorter phrase length, lower number of notes per phrase, lack of whistles and trills; total 6)#R; proves to belong in distant clade#R. Supposed E race buddae based only on slightly shorter bill, but this is not constant. Monotypic.
Locally in Himalayas from N Pakistan E to Nepal, NE India (N Arunachal Pradesh) and SE Tibet; non-breeding also at lower altitudes.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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