Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Endangered

Timneh Parrot (Psittacus timneh)


Taxonomy

French: Perroquet timneh German: Timnehgraupapagei Spanish: Loro timneh
Taxonomy:

Psittacus Timneh

Fraser

, 1844,

Temne country, Sierra Leone

.

Hitherto considered conspecific with P. erithacus, but differs in its darker grey plumage (2); maroon (vs bright red) tail (3); pinkish-grey (vs blackish) upper half of upper mandible (2); slightly protracted central tail tip (1); smaller size (ns); also has parapatric distribution (now blurred owing to escapes of taxa on each side of the line, but somewhere in E Ivory Coast) (3). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

Sierra Leone to Ivory Coast (E to R Komoé), with isolated population in Guinea-Bissau.

Feral population alongside P. erithacus at Abidjan (Ivory Coast).

Descriptive notes

28–39 cm. Mottled grey, medium-sized parrot, with a large bill with a pale, horn-coloured area to part of the upper mandible, and white mask enclosing a yellow eye;... read more

Voice

No known differences from P. erithacus.

Habitat

Typically inhabits dense forest, and is commonly observed at forest edges, in clearings, gallery... read more

Food and feeding

No reported differences in diet and foraging methods from P. erithacus, but at least in Ghana there is no evidence of crop... read more

Breeding

Few known differences from P. erithacus. Season Nov–Apr in W Africa, probably mainly during dry season. Nest in hole (0·6–2 m deep... read more

Movements

May make seasonal movements out of the driest parts of the range in the dry season, e.g. in Yapo... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES I. Overall population estimated at 100,000–500,000 mature individuals, of which Ivory Coast and Liberia are thought to hold largest populations, calculated... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Timneh Parrot (Psittacus timneh). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/467496 on 21 September 2018).