Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Timneh Parrot (Psittacus timneh)


French: Perroquet timneh German: Timnehgraupapagei Spanish: Loro timneh

Psittacus Timneh


, 1844,

Temne country, Sierra Leone


Hitherto considered conspecific with P. erithacus, but differs in its darker grey plumage (2); maroon (vs bright red) tail (3); pinkish-grey (vs blackish) upper half of upper mandible (2); slightly protracted central tail tip (1); smaller size (ns); also has parapatric distribution (now blurred owing to escapes of taxa on each side of the line, but somewhere in E Ivory Coast) (3). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Sierra Leone to Ivory Coast (E to R Komoé), with isolated population in Guinea-Bissau.

Feral population alongside P. erithacus at Abidjan (Ivory Coast).

Descriptive notes

28–39 cm. Mottled grey, medium-sized parrot, with a large bill with a pale, horn-coloured area to part of the upper mandible, and white mask enclosing a yellow eye;... read more


No known differences from P. erithacus.


Typically inhabits dense forest, and is commonly observed at forest edges, in clearings, gallery... read more

Food and feeding

No reported differences in diet and foraging methods from P. erithacus, but at least in Ghana there is no evidence of crop... read more


Few known differences from P. erithacus. Season Nov–Apr in W Africa, probably mainly during dry season. Nest in hole (0·6–2 m deep... read more


May make seasonal movements out of the driest parts of the range in the dry season, e.g. in Yapo... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES I. Overall population estimated at 100,000–500,000 mature individuals, of which Ivory Coast and Liberia are thought to hold largest populations, calculated... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Timneh Parrot (Psittacus timneh). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 March 2020).