Family Leaf-warblers (Phylloscopidae)

Least Concern

Timor Leaf-warbler (Phylloscopus presbytes)


French: Pouillot de Timor German: Timorlaubsänger Spanish: Mosquitero de Timor

Sylvia presbytes


, 1870,



Races sometimes considered separate species, differing in plumage and in voice#R; further study required. On Timor, populations show morphological and vocal variation, e.g. birds on Mt Ramelan paler and greyer than those on Mt Mutis, and those on Atauro I vocally distinct; study required in order to assess taxonomic implications. Population on Roti I (off S Timor) previously included in nominate, but apparently represents an undescribed taxon#R. Race floresianus previously listed as floris, but this name is preoccupied when present species and P. montis are placed in same genus#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. floresianus (Dickinson & Christidis, 2014) – Flores Leaf-warbler – Flores, in WC Lesser Sundas.
  • P. p. presbytes (Blyth, 1870) – Timor Leaf-warbler – Timor and Atauro I, in SE Lesser Sundas.
  • Affiliation of Roti I population unclear, may be an undescribed taxon#R.

    Descriptive notes

    11 cm. A medium-sized olive-brown leaf-warbler with long supercilium. Nominate race is dull brownish-olive above, browner on side of crown, with faint or dull yellowish... read more


    Song of nominate race a short but rapid, almost staccato jangle of sweet, high-pitched notes; of... read more


    Nominate race in lowland and hill semi-evergreen forest and woodland, from sea-level to 2300 m; on... read more

    Food and feeding

    Recorded feeding on small arthropods. Forages alone, in pairs, and commonly in mixed-species flocks. Frequents middle levels and canopy;... read more


    Single individual carrying nesting material at 1450 m in late Aug. One pair seen feeding a juvenile Sunda Cuckoo (Cuculus lepidus... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Northern Nusa Tenggara EBA and Timor and Wetar EBA. Common to very common on Flores; moderately... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2020). Timor Leaf-warbler (Phylloscopus presbytes). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 1 April 2020).