Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Near Threatened

Timor Sparrow (Lonchura fuscata)


French: Padda de Timor German: Timoramadine Spanish: Capuchino arrocero de Timor

Loxia fuscata


, 1807,



This species and L. oryzivora often placed in separate genus Padda, but molecular studies#R#R indicate that latter is embedded in present genus. Monotypic.


Timor, Semau and Roti, in Lesser Sundas.

Descriptive notes

12 cm; 19·2-22·2 g. Has forehead and crown black, lower face white, upperparts chocolate-brown, remiges and tail blacker, rump sometimes tinged ashy; chin and throat are... read more


Call "tchik" and "tchuk!"; male in nest gives "wheeee". Song a series of gurgling, rattling notes,... read more


Degraded monsoon forest, grassy area with scattered bushes and trees, edges of cultivation, ... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of grasses, weeds and thistles. Feeds mostly on the ground, picking up fallen seeds; also takes seeds from seedheads while climbing... read more


Recorded in Jun and Oct. In courtship display, male twists head and tail towards female, and bobs up and down, sometimes jumping clear of... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted range species: present in Timor and Wetar EBA. Locally moderately common; generally sparsely and... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. (2020). Timor Sparrow (Lonchura fuscata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).