Family Bush-warblers (Scotocercidae)

Least Concern

Tit-hylia (Pholidornis rushiae)


Taxonomy

French: Mésangette rayée German: Stricheldickichtsänger Spanish: Hilia estriada
Taxonomy:

Diceum Rushiæ

Cassin

, 1855,

Mondah River, Gabon

.

Birds of this species in SW Nigeria of uncertain race, provisionally included in ussheri. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. r. ussheri Reichenow, 1905 – Sierra Leone and SE Guinea E to SW Nigeria.
  • P. r. rushiae (Cassin, 1855) – SE Nigeria and W & C Cameroon S to Gabon.
  • P. r. bedfordi Ogilvie-Grant, 1904 – Bioko.
  • P. r. denti Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 – SE Cameroon and Congo E to W & E Uganda; also NW Angola.
  • Descriptive notes

    7·5 cm; 4·6–5·9 g. Tiny, short-tailed dusky passerine of upper canopy, with small, slightly decurved and pointed bill and bright yellow legs. Male... read more

    Voice

    Song, from tree canopy (singer moving around in canopy), far-carrying, basically two clear trills,... read more

    Habitat

    Lowland secondary evergreen forest and fringes of primary forest, from sea-level to 1200 m (in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small invertebrates, especially insects, scale-insects (Coccoidea) representing a good proportion of food items; small seeds found in... read more

    Breeding

    Birds in breeding condition or nesting in Nov–Apr (most Jan–Mar) in Liberia; nest-building Apr and dependent fledglings Nov... read more

    Movements

    None documented; probably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Probably not uncommon; throughout range generally regarded as infrequently seen, but tiny size and dark general coloration make it difficult to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Madge, S. (2018). Tit-hylia (Pholidornis rushiae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59967 on 10 December 2018).