French: Toucan toco German: Riesentukan Spanish: Tucán toco
Subspecies and Distribution
R. t. toco
Statius Müller, 1776 – the Guianas and NE Brazil, S to Pará and extending up Amazon W to Manaus, including large lower tributaries.
R. t. albogularis
Cabanis, 1862 – SE Peru, Bolivia and C Brazil (from Mato Grosso and Maranhão) S to N Argentina (Tucumán, Santa Fe) and SE Brazil (SE Rio Grande do Sul).
55–61 cm; 500–860 g. Marginally the largest toucan, mostly black, with white bib and uppertail-coverts, red undertail-coverts. Both sexes of nominate race with... read more
Series of deep, grunting “groomkk” notes, singly or at c. 50 per minute; also grating... read more
The only non-forest toucan. Inhabits mainly riverine and coastal edges of forest, patches of forest... read more
Food and feeding
Fruits such as figs, those of Cacos, Capsicum, Psidium, Steiculia, oranges and others; regularly takes... read more
Sept–Feb in most areas, Dec–Jun in Bolivia to W Argentina, May–Jun in NE Brazil (Piauí). Little known in wild.... read more
Family groups and pairs range widely, cross large rivers and open areas; eruptions known, at least... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (LEAST CONCERN). CITES II. No data available on numbers; considered to be rare in Peru. Occupies large range and, since it does not require forested... read more
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