French: Motmot nain German: Zwergmotmot Spanish: Momoto enano
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
Valle Nacional, Oaxaca, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
H. m. momotula
M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1839 – S Mexico (from S Veracruz and NE Oaxaca) E to E Nicaragua (where no recent records); probably this race in NW Costa Rica (Cordillera de Guanacaste, mainly on Pacific slope; recently recorded on Caribbean slope of Tilarán Mts#R).
H. m. chiapensis
Brodkorb, 1938 – S Mexico (Pacific slope of Chiapas) E to Guatemala and possibly extreme W El Salvador.
H. m. obscurus
Nelson, 1911 – Panama (from Veraguas) E to NW Colombia.
16·5–18 cm; male 27–33 g, female 25–30 g. Much the smallest motmot, chunky and large-headed; tail shortish with central pair of rectrices only c. 6... read more
A resonant, far-carrying, gruff-sounding "kwa-kwa-kwa-kwa..." or "quah quah quah... read more
Humid evergreen forest, especially along ravines; to 1850 m.
Food and feeding
Insects, spiders and small snails; butterflies include species of Morpho. Unlike most other motmots, not recorded feeding on fruit... read more
Food-carrying adult in Jun and fledgling with adult in early Jul in Belize; fledgling collected in Jun in Guatemala; in Colombia, egg-... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally local and uncommon throughout its fragmented range; fairly common to common on Atlantic slope from Mexico to Honduras; very uncommon in... read more
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