Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Critically Endangered

Tooth-billed Pigeon (Didunculus strigirostris)


Taxonomy

French: Diduncule strigirostre German: Zahntaube Spanish: Paloma manumea
Other common names: Manumea
Taxonomy:

Gnathodon strigirostris

Jardine

, 1845,

Australia; error = Upolu, Samoa

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Upolu and Savaii (Samoa).

Descriptive notes

31–38 cm; 400 g. Robust, with a short tail; unique bill is stout and curved, with two notches and three projections in either side of lower mandible, yellow, red at... read more

Voice

Advertising call by male is delivered from atop tree, a drawn-out “oooo” that often rises and falls... read more

Habitat

Found in both primary and secondary native forest. It was widely distributed in forests on... read more

Food and feeding

The bill of this species is adapted to feed on Wild Mahogany Dysoxylum spp. fruits, although first-year birds apparently... read more

Breeding

Virtually nothing known. Breeding activity spans March to November, mostly April to September. Nest reported to be well hidden in... read more

Movements

No information on movements. Flies strongly when flushed from the ground, rising with loudly... read more

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. The Manumea, sometimes nicknamed the Samoan Dodo, is the National Bird of the Country. Nevertheless, the conservation status of this species has... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Kirwan, G.M., Sharpe, C.J. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Tooth-billed Pigeon (Didunculus strigirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54282 on 22 February 2019).