Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Least Concern

Torrent-lark (Grallina bruijnii)


French: Gralline papoue German: Bachmonarch Spanish: Grallina papú

Grallina bruijnii


, 1876,

#R, Arfak Mountains, north-western New Guinea


In past, sometimes isolated in Pomareopsis, but no apparent justification for generic separation from G. cyanoleuca. Specific name has frequently been misspelt bruijni (e.g. in HBW). Monotypic.


Hills and mountains of New Guinea.

Descriptive notes

c. 20 cm; male 40–41 g, female 38–40 g. Male has white line above eye, large white patch from ear-coverts down to side of neck; rest of head, upperparts to rump,... read more


Loud, penetrating, buzzy call notes "jjirrreee" or "bzzzeee", or series of... read more


Near small, fast-flowing streams in rainforest and open grassland, mainly between 400 m and 2300 m... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates; small lizards occasionally caught and eaten. Forages on ground, mostly at edges and on exposed rocks and gravels of streams... read more


Few observations. Nests recorded Jun–Jan, predominantly dry season. Nest cup-shaped, made from mud and rootlets, placed on branch of... read more


Very little information. Adults believed sedentary, juveniles presumably dispersive; some... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common throughout most of range; perhaps locally uncommon, at least in E half of range. Distributed over large part of New Guinea in hill and... read more

Recommended citation

Tingay, A. & Tingay, S. (2017). Torrent-lark (Grallina bruijnii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 November 2017).