French: Solitaire de Townsend German: Townsendklarino Spanish: Solitario norteño
Ptiliogonys [sic] Townsendi
Columbia River = near Astoria, Oregon, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
M. t. townsendi
(Audubon, 1838) – EC & S Alaska and NW & SW Canada S to SW USA; winters from SW & SC Canada S to N Mexico.
M. t. calophonus
R. T. Moore, 1937 – N & C Mexico (from E Sonora and W Chihuahua S to Nayarit).
20·5–21·5 cm; 30–35 g. Nominate race is grey-brown above, slightly paler and greyer below; white eyering, greyish-white edges of wing-coverts and... read more
Song, typically in open from treetop (sometimes, in summer, in display-flight from treetop), a... read more
Breeds in variety of montane coniferous forest types, to beyond tree-line, typically in tracts with... read more
Food and feeding
When breeding, mainly insects and spiders supplemented by berries in late summer; in winter, various berries and small fruits, but... read more
May–Aug; double-brooding relatively infrequent, e.g. seven attempts at second brood in 36 cases where first brood successful.... read more
Most populations apparently make only short-distance altitudinal movements to lower areas in winter... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Reasonably common in North America. Population stable or possibly slightly increasing. Deforestation in breeding and winter ranges destroys key... read more
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