Family Laughingthrushes and allies (Leiotrichidae)

Vulnerable

Travancore Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron meridionale)


Taxonomy

French: Garrulaxe du Travancore German: Graubrusthäherling Spanish: Charlatán de Travancore
Taxonomy:

Trachalopteron meridionale

Blanford

, 1880,

Mynall and Travancore–Tinnevelly boundary, 4000 feet [c. 1220 m], south India

.

Until recently judged to be conspecific with T. fairbanki, but analysis indicates considerable divergence#R; differs in its bold white vs vestigial white central belly to vent (2); distinct broad grey and whitish vs indistinct grey and brown streaks on breast (2); short vs long white supercilium and no narrow white beading on lower eyelid (2); paler, less contrasting crown (ns[1]); colder, greyer upperparts (ns[1]); slightly longer tail in male (effect size 1.52, score 1). Monotypic.

Distribution:

S from Achankovil Gap, in extreme S Kerala and extreme S Tamil Nadu (S of c. 9° N), extreme S India.

Descriptive notes

20·5 cm. Small laughingthrush with brownish crown and chestnut on lower underparts. Adult has forehead to nape rather pale brown with indistinct grey streaking, short white... read more

Voice

Vocalizations apparently unrecorded; thought to differ little from those of T. fairbanki.

Habitat

Edges of broadleaf evergreen forest, secondary forest, scrub; also plantations (including tea and... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, berries and fruit, including brambles (Rubus), Maesa, Luvunga and Trema. Forages in parties of... read more

Breeding

Season Dec–Jun. Cup-shaped nest, built by both sexes, made from coarse grasses, moss and bracken leaves, lined with fine grasses, sited up... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Western Ghats EBA. Uncommon and very local. Believed to have a small population, estimated at 2500–1000 mature individuals,... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2018). Travancore Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron meridionale). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1343983 on 23 June 2018).