French: Carouge de Californie German: Dreifarbenstärling Spanish: Sargento tricolor
no locality = Santa Barbara, California, USA
W USA (S Washington, Oregon, California W of Sierra Nevada, also extreme CW Nevada) and extreme NW Mexico (N Baja California).
Male average 22·3 cm, 60–79 g; female average 18·5 cm, 46–54·5 g. Male is black with slight bluish gloss, lesser upperwing-coverts crimson-... read more
Song of male is a harsh, unmusical growl, “grroowak”, which lasts 1–1·5... read more
Natural habitat probably marshes and ponds with cat-tails (Typha) and bulrush (Scirpus... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, and seeds (including rice and other cereals). Insects include beetles (Coleoptera), larval moths and... read more
Season Mar/Apr–Jul, starting first in foothills and latest in rice fields, also some autumnal breeding Oct–Nov; egg-laying... read more
Resident to nomadic; populations move within the species’ range in response to weather conditions... read more
Status and conservation
ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in California EBA. Classified as “Highest Concern” in the USA (Red WatchList priority species for conservation).... read more
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