Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Endangered

Tricolored Blackbird (Agelaius tricolor)


Taxonomy

French: Carouge de Californie German: Dreifarbenstärling Spanish: Sargento tricolor
Taxonomy:

Icterus tricolor

Audubon

, 1837,

no locality = Santa Barbara, California, USA

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

W USA (S Washington, Oregon, California W of Sierra Nevada, also extreme CW Nevada) and extreme NW Mexico (N Baja California).

Descriptive notes

Male average 22·3 cm, 60–79 g; female average 18·5 cm, 46–54·5 g. Male is black with slight bluish gloss, lesser upperwing-coverts crimson-... read more

Voice

Song of male is a harsh, unmusical growl, “grroowak”, which lasts 1–1·5... read more

Habitat

Natural habitat probably marshes and ponds with cat-tails (Typha) and bulrush (Scirpus... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods, and seeds (including rice and other cereals). Insects include beetles (Coleoptera), larval moths and... read more

Breeding

Season Mar/Apr–Jul, starting first in foothills and latest in rice fields, also some autumnal breeding Oct–Nov; egg-laying... read more

Movements

Resident to nomadic; populations move within the species’ range in response to weather conditions... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in California EBA. Classified as “Highest Concern” in the USA (Red WatchList priority species for conservation).... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2018). Tricolored Blackbird (Agelaius tricolor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62298 on 15 November 2018).