Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)

Critically Endangered

Trinidad Piping-guan (Pipile pipile)


French: Pénélope siffleuse German: Trinidadguan Spanish: Pava de Trinidad

Crax pipile


, 1784,

Orinoco River near Cumaná; locality presumably erroneous


Present species is very closely related to P. cumanensis and P. grayi, and close also to P. cujubi; all four often treated as conspecific. The more distinct P. jacutinga also sometimes included in this group, or even in an expanded species, making genus Pipile monospecific. Monotypic.


Trinidad, at present almost confined to E Northern Range, with single recent record (2000) from S of island (Catshill Reserve)#R.

Descriptive notes

c. 65–69 cm; (1000)2500–3300 g. Male apparently larger than female, and perhaps also shows more solid and larger white patches in upperwing-coverts. More brownish... read more


Rattling wing-whirr comprising a single loud ‘clap” then 4–6 introductory ‘... read more


Remote, tall primary forest (canopy height 40–50 m) in areas subject to minimal human... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fruits and seeds of trees (at least 14 different species mentioned in the literature) including those of Virola surinamensis... read more


Season apparently protracted; records of breeding activity in most months: mating in Mar–Apr, female with eggs in ovum in Jan, chicks... read more


Mainly sedentary, but in Northern Range birds move locally over large areas in search of fruit.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. CITES I. Formerly abundant and widely distributed at all elevations throughout the island; relatively large numbers probably remained until 1940s or... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Trinidad Piping-guan (Pipile pipile). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).