Family Old World Buntings (Emberizidae)

Least Concern

Tristram’s Bunting (Emberiza tristrami)


French: Bruant de Tristram German: Tristramammer Spanish: Escribano de Tristram

Emberiza tristrami


, 1870,

Amoy [= Hsiamen], Fujian, China


Sometimes placed in genus Schoeniclus or, in the past, in Ocyris. Monotypic.


NE China (from Lesser Khingan Mts and R Zeja, in Heilongjiang) E to SE Russian Far East (Amurland and Ussuri regions, including Sikhote Alin Mts) and N Korea. Winters in SE China (SE Yunnan E to Fujian, also Hunan and E Sichuan); rare winter visitor also N Myanmar, NW Thailand and N Laos and N Vietnam (Tonkin).

Descriptive notes

14–15 cm; 14–21 g. Distinctive, small and compact bunting with striped head. Male is unmistakable, has black head and throat with white central crownstripe, broad... read more


Song, from inconspicuous perch in tree, a high-pitched unit followed by a drawn-out one, one or two... read more


Forested areas with good presence of undergrowth bushes, especially on hills, in Ussuriland also... read more

Food and feeding

Diet consists of both vegetable and animal matter. During migration recorded as taking beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Diptera) and other... read more


Laying at end of May or beginning of Jun; two broods in a season. Nest made from dry grass blades, often lined with horsehair, built near... read more


Autumn migration starts in Sept, most having departed from breeding areas during Oct, with last... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to fairly common locally in appropriate habitat over most of its breeding range; little evidence of any marked decreases in... read more

Recommended citation

Copete, J.L. (2020). Tristram’s Bunting (Emberiza tristrami). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).