French: Tyran mélancolique German: Trauerkönigstyrann Spanish: Tirano melancólico
Subspecies and Distribution
T. m. satrapa
(Cabanis & Heine, 1860) – #Rextreme SW USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico, S Texas; has nested Florida#R) and W & E Mexico (both slopes S from Sonora, Tamaulipas and S San Luis Potosí to SE Veracruz and E Oaxaca; also Yucatán Peninsula) S to Panama, N Colombia and much of N Venezuela (mostly N of R Orinoco, also along S bank in NW Bolívar); also Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada and Leeward Antilles.
T. m. melancholicus
Vieillot, 1819 – throughout tropical South America (except N Colombia, N Venezuela and NE Brazil) S to WC Peru (Lima) and, E of Andes, to SE Bolivia and C Argentina (S to Neuquén and NC Río Negro).
T. m. despotes
(M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823) – NE Brazil (Amapá, Maranhão and Ceará S to Bahia).
Male 18·4–24 cm, 32–43·4 g; female c. 18·5–22 cm, 32·7–46 g (nominate); unsexed 37·5–52 g (nominate), 31... read more
Similar to T. dominicensis, but a softer and less emphatic “pip- pri-pip-pri-pip-pri... read more
Wide variety of habitats, often near water. Widespread throughout lowlands in mostly open and semi-... read more
Food and feeding
Almost exclusively insectivorous, taking primarily hymenopterans (wasps, bees), dragonflies (Odonata) and butterflies (Lepidoptera); at... read more
Mar–Jul in Costa Rica; Apr–Nov in Venezuela (W Apure); Feb (Popayán), Apr–May (Santa Marta) and nest-building in... read more
Apparently resident in S USA (S Texas), but at least partially migratory in N Middle America (race... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Very common. Estimated global population 200,000,000 individuals. Has extremely large range, the largest of all kingbirds. Has doubtless increased in... read more
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