Family Birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae)

Least Concern

Trumpet Manucode (Phonygammus keraudrenii)


French: Paradisier de Keraudren German: Trompeterparadieskrähe Spanish: Ave del paraíso trompetera

Barita Keraudrenii

Lesson and Garnot

, 1826,

Dorey, north-western New Guinea


Sympatric with each species of Manucodia at different localities, but no cases of hybridization recorded. Races can be divided into four groups: “keraudrenii group”, “purpureoviolaceus group”, “hunsteini group” and “gouldii group”. Vocalizations appear to differ significantly among races, which are defined mainly by subtle but appreciable variation in gloss colour and intensity and in length of ornamental plumes on head and neck; comprehensive analysis of voice and plumage may lead to recognition of several species, with relatively large, dull hunsteini and small, green gouldii perhaps strongest candidates for splitting. Proposed race mayri (Wau, in NE New Guinea) included in purpureoviolaceus, but may prove to be distinct. Other proposed New Guinea races, now considered insufficiently differentiated#R, are aruensis (Aru Is) and diamondi (Okapa region, in Eastern Range), both synonymized with jamesii; and adelberti (Adelbert Mts, in NE), merged with neumanni. Birds of Mamberamo R area not yet assigned to any subspecies. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. k. keraudrenii (Lesson & Garnot, 1826) – Lowland Trumpet Manucode – W New Guinea (Vogelkop, Onin Peninsula and Weyland Mts).
  • P. k. jamesii Sharpe, 1877 – lowlands of S New Guinea from Mimika R E, including S watershed of Eastern Highlands (from near Okapa, possibly including portions of Kratke Range), to Port Moresby, including islands in N Torres Strait (Boigu and Saibai); Aru Is.
  • P. k. neumanni Reichenow, 1918 – North Coastal Range and scarp of Central Range from Bewani, Torricelli Mts and Lordberg E to Schrader Range and Jimi R and Baiyer R watersheds (Sepik–Wahgi Divide), and Adelbert Mts, in NE New Guinea.
  • P. k. purpureoviolaceus A. B. Meyer, 1885 – Upland Trumpet Manucode – uplands of SE New Guinea E from Kuper Range and Wau through Owen Stanley Range (distributional details not well delineated).
  • P. k. hunsteini Sharpe, 1882 – Island Trumpet Manucode – D’Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Goodenough, Fergusson and Normanby).
  • P. k. gouldii (G. R. Gray, 1859) – Australian Trumpet Manucode – extreme NE Australia (NE Cape York Peninsula, and immediately adjacent Albany I and Mai I).
  • Also, unknown subspecies, Mamberamo R area.

    Descriptive notes

    Male 31 cm, 130–240 g; female 28 cm, 130–182 g. Large paradisaeid with elongated feathers of nape and lower neck finely pointed, those above eyes forming... read more


    Large repertoire, with some sex-specific calls and racial variation. For example, jamesii... read more


    Lowland rainforest, hill forest and middle montane forest; inhabitant of rainforest interior,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly fruits, especially figs (Ficus); also invertebrates, including insects, spiders (Araneae), small gastropods. Nestling diet... read more


    Season at least May–Jan over entire range; males with enlarged gonads in Feb–Apr and Jul–Dec and females in Jun and Oct... read more


    Presumed resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally fairly common. Distribution in mainland New Guinea patchy as a result of restriction to particular altitudinal zone in certain... read more

    Recommended citation

    Frith, C. & Frith, D. (2019). Trumpet Manucode (Phonygammus keraudrenii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).