Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Trumpeter Finch (Bucanetes githagineus)


French: Roselin githagine German: Wüstengimpel Spanish: Camachuelo trompetero

Fringilla githaginea

M. H. C. Lichtenstein

, 1823,

Deram, Upper Egypt


Geographical variation slight, not always constant, and largely clinal. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. g. amantum (E. J. O. Hartert, 1903) – Canary Is (Gomera and Tenerife E to La Graciosa, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura), also recorded on Alegranza, Montaña Clara and El Hierro; possibly extinct on Tenerife#R.
  • B. g. zedlitzi (Neumann, 1907) – SE Spain, and N Africa (Morocco E to S Tunisia and Libya, S to Mauritania, N Mali, N Niger, N Chad and NW Sudan).
  • B. g. githagineus (M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823) – Egypt and NC & NE Sudan.
  • B. g. crassirostris (Blyth, 1847) – S & E Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan; E Lebanon, C Syria, E & S Israel, Jordan, NE Egypt (Sinai), S Iraq, Kuwait and Arabian Peninsula; and Iran E to Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and N & W Pakistan; winters also to S Pakistan (Sind, Makran Coast) and NW India (Rajasthan and Haryana).
  • Descriptive notes

    12·5–15 cm; 16–25 g. Medium-sized to large, stocky, large-headed finch with large, blunt bill and short tail. Male nominate race breeding has forehead to... read more


    Song, from ground and during song flight, a drawn-out nasal and slightly rising wheezing "... read more


    Desert, semi-desert and desert edges, vast open steppe areas, including dry desolate hills with... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly small seeds, shoots and buds of grasses and low ground-loving plants, including Salvia (especially Salvia aegyptiaca... read more


    Season Feb–Jun; two broods in Canary Is, Caucasus, Israel, Morocco and C Asia. Monogamous. Solitary or loosely colonial. Pair... read more


    Resident, nomadic and partially migratory. Post-breeding movements dispersive or nomadic, and... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to locally common. European breeding population (in Spain) c. 1000 pairs, and up to a further 50 pairs in S & E Turkey.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2019). Trumpeter Finch (Bucanetes githagineus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 March 2019).