Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)

Least Concern

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)


French: Cygne trompette German: Trompeterschwan Spanish: Cisne trompetero

Cygnus buccinator


, 1832,

Hudson Bay, Canada


Sometimes placed in genus Olor with C. cygnus and C. columbianus. Has been considered a subspecies of C. cygnus, to which it is closely related. Monotypic.


Breeds mainly in Alaska and W Canada and locally SE to SE Ontario (SE Canada), wintering in coastal S Alaska, British Columbia and NW USA; also several resident populations in several states of N USA, mostly from reintroductions.

Descriptive notes

150–180 cm; male 9100–13,600 g, female 7000–12,500 g; wingspan 230–260 cm. Black bill An Adult larger than in C. cygnus. Female averages... read more


Deep bugling call with emphasis on second syllable is most characteristic vocalization of species;... read more


Swamps, marshes and shallow ponds or lakes in boreal forest zone, preferably with abundant aquatic... read more

Food and feeding

Diet of adults is almost entirely vegetarian, consisting of leafy parts and stems of various aquatic plants (pondweeds, water lilies, etc... read more


Pair formation starts Mar–Apr, with eggs mainly laid late Apr–May and hatching in late May–Jul. Monogamous, with single... read more


US population mostly sedentary, most (c. 90%) undertaking only short local movements (including... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population estimated at c. 6000 birds in 1975; total with captive birds included, c. 11,000–12,000 birds; however, by... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).