Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)


Tuamotu Sandpiper (Prosobonia parvirostris)


French: Bécasseau des Tuamotu German: Südseeläufer Spanish: Andarríos de Tuamotu

Tringa parvirostris


, 1848,

Puka-Puka Atoll and Raraka Island, Tuamotu Archipelago


Formerly placed in genus Aechmorhynchus. May have formed a species-group with †P. leucoptera, †P. ellisi and †P. cancellata. Previously treated within †P. cancellata, but that name is better restricted to the extinct form of Kiritimati. Monotypic.


Tuamotu Is (French Polynesia); known breeding on islands of Tenararo, Morane, Reitoru, Tahanea and Raraka#R.

Descriptive notes

15–17 cm; 32–44 g. Small, very dark brown wader with very short, thin bill; ashy-white supercilium; upperparts have extensive buff spots and feather edges; breast... read more


Three or four types of vocalizations described. Most common vocalization is a rather nasal “kek” or... read more


Tiny atolls, mainly in habitats such as open coastal shoreline, lagoon beaches and areas of bare... read more

Food and feeding

Very poorly known. Mainly insects: at least four species of ant, leafhoppers and a wasp were found in stomach contents. Plant matter also... read more


Breeding season quite prolonged; on one island breeding in mid Aug, on another in May; unclear whether season is synchronized on different... read more


Probably sedentary as a rule, although recent records on Nakutavaké and Rangiroa (e.g. Sept... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Population currently in decline. On Morane 150–200 birds (1990), on Anuanu Raro 30–40 birds (1990) and on Tahanea 12–15 birds (1989), whereas... read more

Recommended citation

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Tuamotu Sandpiper (Prosobonia parvirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 February 2020).