Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)

Least Concern

Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)


French: Fuligule morillon German: Reiherente Spanish: Porrón moñudo

Anas Fuligula


, 1758,



Considered by some to be closest to A. novaeseelandiae and A. collaris. Hybridization, particularly with other Aythya species, frequently recorded#R. Monotypic.


Breeds from 45–70° across N Palearctic from Iceland eastwards to Kamchatka, southwards to C Europe, Mongolia and rarely N Japan (Hokkaido). Winters in C & S Europe, Africa, Middle East and S & E Asia.

Descriptive notes

40–47 cm; male 600–1020 g, female 560–930 g; wingspan 65–72 cm. For non-breeding males, rounded head shape and bill pattern are particularly useful in... read more


Generally silent outside spring courtship period: at this season, adult male utters quiet “buck... read more


For breeding uses large, deep, freshwater lakes, ponds and reservoirs with marginal and emergent... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds and green parts of aquatic plants, molluscs (often major item in diet, both on inland and in coastal waters, especially Mytilus... read more


Starts May, e.g. first eggs c. 25 May in Iceland, but mid May in continental Europe. Seasonally monogamous, with pairs forming early in... read more


Partially or wholly migratory, commencing autumn movements in Sept and have completely vacated the... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). One of few Aythya species known to have large populations that are stable or increasing in recent decades. An estimated c. 1... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).