Family Auks (Alcidae)

Least Concern

Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata)


Taxonomy

French: Macareux huppé German: Gelbschopflund Spanish: Frailecillo coletudo
Taxonomy:

Alca cirrhata

Pallas

, 1769,

Bering Sea

.

Formerly placed in monotypic Lunda, but DNA data place it with other puffins in Fratercula#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Japan (Hokkaido) through Kuril Is, Sakhalin and Sea of Okhotsk to N Chukotskiy Peninsula, and W Alaska (Diomede Is, Cape Thompson) S to Aleutians, E through Gulf of Alaska (Kodiak Archipelago) and S to British Columbia (Queen Charlotte Is, Triangle I) and C California (Farallon Is). Winters mostly at sea and along coasts from Kamchatka Peninsula and S Alaska S through breeding range, rarely to S Japan and S California.

Descriptive notes

36–41 cm; 773 g; wingspan 64–66 cm. Large, parrot-like red bill, laterally compressed, basal third of maxilla with yellowish to greenish base and yellow ridge;... read more

Voice

Generally silent at sea. Even near breeding colonies not very vocal, but utters low-pitched,... read more

Habitat

Marine, along rocky coasts and offshore islands. Breeds mainly in N boreal water zone, usually on... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mostly offshore on small fish, cephalopods and crustaceans throughout year. Adult diet averages c. 52% fish, 38% squid, 7%... read more

Breeding

Spring arrival latest at northernmost sites in Chukchi and Bering Seas, usually late May to early Jun, in most other regions late Apr ... read more

Movements

Winters at sea well offshore, often to NC Pacific, normally adjacent to breeding areas except N... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total breeding population has been estimated at 3,502,000 birds, with c. 764,000 (710,000–810,000) in Asia (c. 22%) and 2,738,... read more

Recommended citation

Nettleship, D.N., de Juana, E., Garcia, E.F.J. & Boesman, P. (2018). Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54080 on 17 December 2018).