Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Tufted Tit-tyrant (Anairetes parulus)


Taxonomy

French: Taurillon mésange German: Meisentachurityrann Spanish: Cachudito piquinegro
Taxonomy:

Muscicapa Parulus

Kittlitz

, 1830,

Valparaíso, Chile

.

Recent genetic study#R indicates that this species is closest to A. flavirostris; an earlier molecular analysis#R suggested that it was closest to A. fernandezianus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. p. aequatorialis Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 – Andes from S Colombia (Cauca) S to W Bolivia and N Argentina (S to Salta and Jujuy).
  • A. p. parulus (Kittlitz, 1830) – W Chile (from Atacama) and SW Argentina (from W Neuquén) S to Tierra del Fuego.
  • A. p. patagonicus (Hellmayr, 1920) – C & SC Argentina (S Mendoza S to N Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    9·5 cm; 6 g. Nominate race has blackish crown, central feathers pure black and greatly elongated into thin, recurved crest, concealed small white crown patch (... read more

    Voice

    Very vocal; sharp, high-pitched trills, chatters, and irregular phrases, sometimes in duet, most... read more

    Habitat

    Broader ecological range than all congeners. Favours montane shrublands, but also occurs in brushy... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Forages very actively, in pairs or family groups, occasionally with mixed-species flocks but more often not. Makes frequent short... read more

    Breeding

    Jan–Jun in N and Aug–Jan in S; regularly double-brooded. Often aggressive, chasing with undulating flights while making... read more

    Movements

    S populations (patagonicus) migrate N to N Argentina (Salta) after breeding.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to locally common. Occurs in several protected areas, e.g. Puracé National Park, in Colombia, Cotopaxi National Park... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fitzpatrick, J. (2019). Tufted Tit-tyrant (Anairetes parulus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57176 on 11 December 2019).