Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae)


French: Toui à front d’or German: Tuisittich Spanish: Catita frentigualda

Psittacus St. Thomae

Statius Müller

, 1776,

Island of St Thomas, substituted by “Brazilian Amazons”


Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. s. sanctithomae (Statius Müller, 1776) – NE Ecuador, extreme SE Colombia and E Peru through Amazonian Brazil E to R Madeira and S to N Bolivia.
  • B. s. takatsukasae Neumann, 1931 – basin of lower Amazon E from R Negro and R Madeira, in NC Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    17 cm; mean 59 g. Generally green, more yellowish below and on rump and tail; bluish tinge on face; lores and forehead yellow; primaries dark green, bluish below. Immature... read more


    Common calls include a high-pitched “klee”, shrill “chree” or bisyllabic “chree-chree”, given both... read more


    Primarily in secondary growth, lightly wooded grassland and dense scrub on swampy riverbanks,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Visits riverside palms (unripe fruit ignored) and Erythrina trees, often taking their blossoms; also manioc and sugarcane... read more


    Jul in Peru; evidence suggests Apr–Jul in Colombia, where nest-holes were noted in termitaria. Six different-sized nestlings reported... read more


    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally abundant with very little habitat loss, Brazil, and equally common within the limited areas occupied in Colombia, Peru and Bolivia... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Bonan, A. & Boesman, P. (2019). Tui Parakeet (Brotogeris sanctithomae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2019).