Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Near Threatened

Tumbes Tyrant (Ochthoeca salvini)


French: Pitajo de Tumbes German: Gelbstirntyrann Spanish: Pitajo de Tumbes

Ochthœca salvini


, 1877,

Tumbes, Peru


Previous placement in monotypic Tumbezia supported by some phylogenetic studies#R, but others#R#R suggest that Tumbezia is too poorly differentiated to warrant recognition; syringeal characters, nesting habits and egg coloration much as those of present congeners. Monotypic.


NW Peru from Tumbes S to La Libertad; recently discovered in extreme SW Ecuador#R.

Descriptive notes

13·5 cm. Crown, lores and ear-coverts are dark grey; bold yellow frontal band and supercilium becoming paler and more whitish towards nape; generally grey or greyish-olive... read more


Call a mournful soft, somewhat musical, descending trill, “pitt-tit-tit-ttrrr” or “pttt-tiit-tiit-... read more


Arid woodlands, frequently near acacia (Acacia) and mesquite (Prosopis) groves;... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. Frequently found in pairs. Fairly confiding. Perches at middle level, usually fairly erect, occasionally more horizontally;... read more


No information.


Resident; occasional records at higher altitudes suggest possibly some seasonal elevational... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Tumbesian Region EBA. Uncommon; uncommon to fairly common in El Angolo... read more

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). Tumbes Tyrant (Ochthoeca salvini). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).