Family Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Least Concern

Turkestan Tit (Parus bokharensis)

Following the taxonomy applied to HBW Alive, derived from the HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World, this taxon is now lumped within Great Tit (Parus major).

Taxonomy

French: Mésange du Turkestan German: Turkestanmeise Spanish: Carbonero Turquestano
Taxonomy:

Parus bokharensis

M. H. C. Lichtenstein

, 1823,

Bukhara, south Uzbekistan

.

Part of a species group which includes also P. major, P. monticolus and P. nuchalis. Forms a superspecies with P. major; has been treated as conspecific, but the two interbreed only rarely and locally, and genetic evidence indicates that they are better considered separate species. Paler birds from oases in Transcaspian deserts sometimes separated as race panderi. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution

Descriptive notes

14·5–15 cm; 16·9–18 g. Large, grey tit with black-and-white face pattern, long tail slightly graduated (outer two feather pairs shorter than central... read more

Voice

All vocalizations very similar to those of P. major. Calls include combinations of “pee”... read more

Habitat

Throughout much of range occurs in lowland plains and semi-desert areas, usually in riverine... read more

Food and feeding

Diet poorly known, but considered to be very similar to that of P. major; in addition to small invertebrates and larvae, some... read more

Breeding

Poorly known. Season Apr to late Jun; occasionally two broods. Nest, mostly of animal fur and some plant fibres, placed in hole in tree,... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally common; rare in NE Iran, and uncommon in NW China. Status in Mongolia uncertain; further fieldwork required.

Recommended citation

Gosler, A. & Clement, P. (2019). Turkestan Tit (Parus bokharensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59901 on 26 April 2019).