Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Turquoise-winged Parrotlet (Forpus spengeli)


French: Toui de Spengel German: Türkisflügel-Sperlingspapagei Spanish: Cotorrita aliturquesa

Psittacula spengeli


, 1885,

Barranquilla, Colombia


Hitherto treated as conspecific with F. xanthopterygius, or sometimes as race of F. passerinus#R, or considered possibly a race of F. cyanopygius#R; differs from xanthopterygius, however, in pale turquoise vs rich blue rump and wing-coverts of male (3); dark blue vs rich blue underwing-coverts of male (2); yellow forehead and lores of female (2). Original description also included spelling “spengleri”, on plate; present spelling selected by First Reviser#R#R. Monotypic.


N Colombia from Sucre across lower Magdalena Valley to W & S base of Santa Marta Mts.

Descriptive notes

12–13 cm. Principally green parrotlet, which is overall much paler than F. xanthopterygius, with which F. spengeli was previously treated as conspecific (... read more


No known differences between this species and F. xanthopterygius.


Generally inhabits semi-arid country, with second growth, scrub and scattered trees, principally in... read more

Food and feeding

No known differences from F. xanthopterygius.


No data, although presumably similar to in general specifics to the ecology of F. xanthopterygius.


No evidence for any migrations.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Overall range is comparatively small, and numbers have perhaps declined but no estimate of population size or knowledge of... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Turquoise-winged Parrotlet (Forpus spengeli). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).