Family Puffbirds (Bucconidae)

Least Concern

Two-banded Puffbird (Hypnelus bicinctus)


French: Tamatia bifascié German: Doppelband-Faulvogel Spanish: Buco bicinto

Tamatia bicincta


, 1837,

Cayenne; error = Venezuela


Closely related to H. ruficollis, and commonly treated as conspecific owing to hybridization in Maracaibo region of Venezuela and in Catatumbo lowlands of Colombia; however, hybridization apparently rather limited, with most individuals belonging clearly to one or the other of these well-distinguished forms, and treatment as separate species seems the most realistic approach, pending in-depth studies. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. b. bicinctus (Gould, 1837) – interior NE Colombia (in llanos), and N Venezuela (S to NE Bolívar and NW Amazonas).
  • H. b. stoicus Wetmore, 1939 – Margarita I, off N Venezuela.
  • Descriptive notes

    20–21 cm; 35–44 g. Head dark brown, buff from nares to eye, whitish cheek patch; partial whitish hindcollar; dull brown upperparts with whitish mottling, notably... read more


    Song a rhythmic repeated “tak-ta-tóoo”; call a croaking note, surprisingly loud... read more


    Occupies areas of thinly wooded tropical savanna (llanos), thickets, abandoned cultivation... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small beetles, dragonflies and other insects found in gizzards and stomachs. Still-hunts from exposed high perch on thin branches, or... read more


    May and Jun, and recent fledgling seen in Dec, in Venezuela. Excavates nest in arboreal termitarium. No information on clutch size, nor on... read more


    No seasonal movements recorded, although a species of seasonal habitat. Nevertheless, observed to... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally common in Venezuela. Common throughout much of llanos, where vast areas of suitable habitat remain, and human land uses do not... read more

    Recommended citation

    Rasmussen, P.C. & Collar, N. (2019). Two-banded Puffbird (Hypnelus bicinctus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 August 2019).