French: Bec-croisé bifascié German: Bindenkreuzschnabel Spanish: Piquituerto aliblanco
J. F. Gmelin
Hudson Bay, Canada, and New York, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
L. l. bifasciata
(C. L. Brehm, 1827) – Two-barred Crossbill – N Fennoscandia, NW & N Russia (Kola Peninsula E in broad band through Siberia to Sea of Okhotsk, S to C Urals, L Baikal area, Yablonovy Mts and W Amurland), probably also extreme NE China (N Heilongjiang); winters also S to NE Europe (irregular), NE China (Liaoning and Hebei) and S Siberia.
L. l. leucoptera
J. F. Gmelin, 1789 – White-winged Crossbill – Alaska and C & S Canada E to C & E Quebec, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, S in USA to N Washington, N Wisconsin and S Maine; also C Oregon and Rocky Mts S to W Wyoming, N Utah and even S Colorado and N New Mexico; in winter also S to S Minnesota, N Ohio, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, occasionally further south.
14·5–17 cm; 25–40 g. Medium-large, short-legged and fork-tailed finch with broad white wingbars and distinctive crossed mandibles. Male nominate race has... read more
Song, usually from treetop or in display-flight, in North America a long, rapid series of rich and... read more
Inhabits dense conifer forests and plantations, mainly larch and larch-pine (Larix-... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly conifer seeds, buds, berries and shoots, mainly of larch and spruce, also pine, and birch (Betula), alder (Alnus)... read more
Season Feb to mid-May or Jun–Aug in Europe and Russia, Jan–Aug in North America, timing largely determined by availability of... read more
Resident, migratory and irruptively nomadic. Occasionally present throughout entire winter N to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to locally abundant. Estimated European breeding population between 1000 and 10,000 pairs, and up to a further 100,000 pairs in Russia. In SE... read more
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